The dry season is from January to June; the wet season with monsoon rains is from July to December.
Temperatures are cooler in November through January, dropping below 30 degrees Celsius (85 degrees Fahrenheit). The estimated population in July 2000 was eighty-one million. Four percent of the population is over age sixty-five.
Spanish numbers and some Spanish words are included in the dialects.
The dependence on English causes concern, but since Filipino does not have words for scientific or technological terms, English is likely to remain in common use. National symbols have been emphasized since independence to create a sense of nationhood.
Filipinos are proud that their country has the third largest number of English speakers in the world.
Filipino English includes many Australian and British terms.
The United States paid twenty million dollars to the Spanish for the Philippines under the Treaty of Paris.In the 1890's, the novels of José Rizal, his exile to a remote island, and his execution by the Spaniards created a national martyr and a rallying point for groups seeking independence.Armed attacks and propaganda increased, with an initial success that waned as Spanish reinforcements arrived.The occupation by Spain and the unifying factor of Catholicism were the first steps in creating a national identity.Filipinos became interested in attaining independence in the middle of the nineteenth century.
The Spanish governed those areas through a treaty with the sultan of Mindanao.